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Thirty Lighthouses of Northwestern District

All the thirty lighthouses of the Northwestern Federal District can be “visited” at once at the Museum of the World Ocean. Guests of the museum can “see” the lighthouses located in Leningrad and Kaliningrad Oblast as well as in Saint-Petersburg.

The exhibition is based on the images made within the project for the Leningrad Regional Branch of the Russian Geographical Society, “The Lighthouses of the Northwestern Russia”. Its goal is to study and promote lighthouse service. A lens collected a number of unique objects: the oldest Russia’s lighthouse Tolbukhin (founded in 1719 by the order of Peter I to the west of Kotlin Island); the tallest lighthouse Storozhenskii (71 m) on the shore of Ladoga Lake; the tallest Russia’s navigation mark – a rear leading mark of the Lesnoi pier of the Sea Port of Saint-Petersburg (73 m).

A part of the photographs was made on Ladoga Lake; some photographers tell about lighthouses on the outer archipelago of the Gulf of Finland, others show the lighthouses located very close to Saint Petersburg, e.g. near Kronstadt. Some expressive pictures were taken in Kaliningrad Oblast, the westernmost Russia’s region. As a rule, lighthouses are situated in picturesque locations and their constructions are usually original in terms of engineering, so a photograph depicting a lighthouse is expressive and easy-to-remember.    

Andrei Strelnikov, author of the photographs, is a professional photographer, member of the Russian Geographical Society, member of the Russia’s Union of Artists, author of photo albums The Land of the Gulf of Finland and The Lost Worlds of the Baltic.

The exhibition opens at the Congress Hall till January 27.


The Piligrim's Palette

The Museum of the World Ocean made a true Christmas gift for citizens and guests of Kaliningrad Fyodor Konyukhov’s world of journeys has been presented for the first time ever in Kaliningrad as the exhibition “The Pilgrim’s Palette”. You’ll be surprised but the famous traveler and got well-known not only by his unique expeditions but his fine artist’s skill as well. All his impressions, emotions, feelings and discoveries are “splashed” on canvas. Fyodor Konyukhov personally presented his 50 art works at the opening ceremony held at the exhibition hall Maritime Koenigsberg-Kaliningrad.

The paintings and graphics from Viktoria and Vadim Tsyganov’s private collection embrace the three decades of travelling around the world – starting from the early works created in the 1970s-1980s and finishing with the canvases painted in the 2000s-2010s. The famous singer and producer have been collecting Konyukhov’s works for a long time. The collection has already been presented in Saint Petersburg and  habarovsk; Kaliningrad is the third city where audience can enjoy the works by the famous researcher and traveler The exhibition is displayed from  ecember 20, 2019 to March 9, 2020.


The Exhibition at the Khrabrovo International Airport

The Exhibition at the Khrabrovo International Airport “You remember whose daughter I am…” is the new exhibition project launched at the International Airport (Kaliningrad’s Khrabrovo) named after Empress Elizabeth Petrovna.

In 2019, the Khrabrovo International Airport was named after Empress Elizabeth Petrovna of Russia. The Museum of the World Ocean and the Peterhof State Museum-Reserve present the exhibition project “You Remember Whose Daughter I Am…”. It was opened on December 23 at the departure zone of the airport. The historic and educational project with multimedia elements is devoted to Empress Elizabeth Petrovna and it tells
about Peter the Great’s daughter’s life and the period of her reign when Koenigsberg became Russian for the first time. The exhibition is focused on international affairs and intercultural exchange in the 18 th century. The topic is revealed by the materials prepared by the Peterhof and the Museum of the World Ocean and the illustrations from collections of both museums. The sections of the exhibition present the empress’ personality, her domestic policy and international affairs as well as culture and art. The exhibition puts the topical discussion out of museum walls into the general audience and gives a new modern life to Russia’s cultural and historical heritage.

Moreover, guests of the region as well as its citizens will get an answer to the questions “What connects Elizabeth Petrovna and East Prussia?” and “Why was the air gateway of the Amber Land named after this representative of the House of Romanov?” This project encourages you to remember about Elizabeth’s glorious reign, just like she honoured and kept traditions of the Petrine Epoch.

The exhibition materials are presented in Russian and English.


Historical summary
According to the legend, on the palace coup night after which she became the sovereign of the Russian Empire, Elizabeth addressed soldiers and officers of the Preobrazhensky Regiment with the following words: “You know whose daughter I am, follow me.” However, her reign remained in the undeserved shadow of her great father’s deeds, Peter I, and her brilliant successor, Catherine II. Her reign brought a number of diplomatic and military victories and marked the beginning of the Russian cultural Renaissance. In 1758, during the Seven Years’ War, the Russian troops occupied Koenigsberg (present-day Kaliningrad) that was a part of East Prussia. Citizens swore allegiance to Empress Elizabeth and this territory was under Russia’s jurisdiction for four years. In 1762, the new emperor Peter III returned Koenigsberg to Prussia. Opened in 2004, the statue of Elizabeth Petrovna in Baltijsk (Pillau) located in the westernmost Russia commemorates the victory of the Russian army during her reign.


People Of The Sea

A unique ethnographic exhibition – People of the Sea – is waiting for you at the Maritime Exhibition Centre in Svetlogorsk.

A unique ethnographic collection moves visitors to the world of primitive tribes, mystery religions and excellent handicraft by native artists. About 1 000 items – cult objects, masks, puppets, weapons – were collected by a German traveler in Indonesia (New Guinea, Java, Timor, Sumatra, Sulawesi and Bali) as well as in India, China and Nepal  in the 1960s-90s. These people’s life is closely interrelated with the sea, so it is clearly seen in the materials, symbols and themes. According to the ethnographers, it is one of the five best collections in Europe. In 2015, a Russian entrepreneur and patron V.Shcherbakov acquired the collection and lent it to the Museum of the World Ocean for a display.  Guests have already got to know a small part of the collection at the Maritime Exhibition Centre. Some exhibits are exclusive and displayed in Russia for the first time.

The exhibition is located on two levels: on the ground floor one can get to know unique primitive cultures of New Guinea: Asmat and Dani tribes. Exhibits devoted to the culture and art of Bali, Hindustan and Southeast Asia will be presented in the largest hall.

 


To the Depth

  

The Museum of the World Ocean invites you to the new exposition “Depth” located in the museum depository building and outside.  Here you can see the collections of barometers, current meters, hydrophysic probes, underwater cameras, optical tools, etc. But the main exhibits are the submersible manned vehicle “Mir-1” and one of the biggest sperm-whale skeletons in the world.  It order to put the legendary vehicle in the building it was necessary to lay special durable industrial flooring. Moreover, a special 4 x 4-meter doorway was made since sometimes “Mir” will have to leave the museum and make breathtaking descents.

The expositions answers many questions: how to measure depth, what vehicles are needed to dive at great depth, whether the life exists at maximum depth, etc.

Visitors can also watch fascinating videos devoted to exploration of the oceanic depth. 

Moreover, visitors can climb into a descent module (space capsule), “Tethys” submersible, and pressure chamber. Interesting facts about the “Mir” submersibles “Mir” is a self-propelled deep submergence vehicle. The project was initially developed by the USSR Academy of Sciences (now the Russian Academy of Sciences) along with Design Bureau "Lazurith". Later two vehicles were ordered from Finland. The “Mir-1” and “Mir-2”, delivered in 1987, were designed and built by the Finnish company “Rauma-Repola's Oceanics” subsidiary. The project was carried out under the supervision of constructors and engineers of the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology. The “Mir” submersibles can dive to a maximum depth of 6,000 metres. The carrier and command centre of both “Mir” submersibles is the R/V “Akademik Mstislav Keldysh”. The two “Mir” units are operated by the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1987-2005, 35 expeditions in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Ocean were made with the “Mir” submersibles, nine of them were devoted to consequence management of the atomic submarines “Komsomolets” and “Kursk” wrecks. 

In the mid 1990s and early 2000s, the “Mir” vehicles were used by Canadian film director James Cameron to film the wreck of the RMS “Titanic”, resting at a depth of 3,821 meters, for his 1997 film “Titanic” and documentaries such as “Ghosts of the Abyss”, and to film the wreck of the “Bismarck”, resting at a depth of 4,700 meters, for his 2002 documentary film “Expedition: Bismarck”.

On December, 24 2003 Anatoliy Sagalevich, Director of the Russian Deepwater submersibles Laboratory, was awarded an “Underwater Oscar” by the American Academy of Underwater Arts and Sciences at the scientific council of P.P.Shirshov Institute of Oceanology.

On August, 2007 the “Mir” submersibles performed the first manned descent to the seabed under the Geographic North Pole to a depth of 4 300 meters. On the seabed “Mir-1” planted a one meter tall rustproof flag of Russia and left a time capsule containing a message for future generations. The submersibles experienced pressure of 430 atmospheres that was recorded in the Guinness Book of Records.

In August-September, the submersibles “Mir-1” and “Mir-2” made 60 dives in various points of Baikal. In 2009, 100 submersions were made. 

In 2011, the submersibles “Mir-1” and “Mir-2” explored Lake Geneva, one of the largest European lakes.

General characteristics

Test depth 6 000 m

Energy supply 100 kW/h

Life support supply 246 operator hours

Maximum speed 5 kn

Buoyancy reserve (on surface) 290 kg

Displacement 18.6 t

Length 7.8 m

Beam (with side motors) 3.8 m

Height 3 m

Complement 3 persons

 

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